Agriculture And Animal Husbandry
Fars Province is one of the most diverse climates and most biodiversity in terms of natural resources and livestock and agriculture.
In Fars province, under the influence of topographic characteristics, three distinct climatic zones have emerged, the first region of the northern, northwest, and western mountainous regions is characterized by cold winters and significant vegetation. The rainfall is reported to be about 400 to 600 millimeters a year, the second region is the central area, with relatively moderate climates combined with rainfall in the winter and hot and dry air in the summer. The climate in the area is slightly different from the west and northwest due to the relative decline of the altitudes.
The rainfall in this area is between two hundred and four hundred millimeters per year, and the cities of Shiraz, Fasa, Firoozabad and Kazeroun are among the cities of this area.
Finally, the third region of the southern and southeast is less than that of spring and autumn due to decreasing altitude and width of the gates and how the mountains are settled. The weather in this area is moderate in the winter and very hot in summers.
Three different air masses affect the province of Fars, the first Mediterranean masses that come from the Mediterranean Sea to the Zagros Mountains, causing snowstorms (in the northern and northwestern regions of the country) and rain
The second Sudanese tundra, formed in the winter from the center of the sub-Saharan subzone, has affected the province of Fars province with its activation on the Red Sea and causes rainfall in most parts of the province. The third is Saudi Arabia's hot air blowing from the Arabian Peninsula to the province in the summer and causing heat.
Fars province plains consist of alluvial deposits, these plains can be divided into two parts of the Middle and West, as well as the northern and eastern parts, depending on their geographical location; in the middle and eastern parts of the plains there are agricultural positions and more They are intended to be used.
The vegetation of Fars province is composed of forest trees and medicinal and industrial plants. Among the most important tree species in this province are almonds, mountains, oaks and some medicinal and industrial herbs, such as sweet licorice, gooseberry, kotira, angusheus and some other species. Of these
Protected areas of Fars province are the site of many vegetation species in the region. Bamou National Park, located in the city of Shiraz, is very rich in vegetation and has been identified and sampled for over 280 plant species.
The soil of the Shiraz plain, which is created from the sediments of the surrounding mountains, is very fertile, and the land around the city is under cultivation all year round and all kinds of summer and winter produce such as wheat, barley, beans, rice, varieties of vegetables, watermelons, melons , Cantaloupe and forages such as clover and alfalfa. Shiraz soil is also prone to cultivating many types of decorative flowers, and the beauty of Shiraz.
One of the most important natural herbs that go to the mountainous areas of Shiraz, can be called gong (which is derived from gum) and almond mountain (in the local term Bukhor). Lacquer, called the local term "gharak", is also a medicinal plant that is found in the plains of Shiraz, especially around the atmosphere. In addition to the variety and variety of flowers and groves that go in different seasons in Shiraz, there are other natural herbs such as shrine and gooseberry in this area that are used in the preparation of traditional substances and, as we know, Shiraz's fragrances have been famous since ancient times.
The gardens of the suburbs of the Shiraz suburbs have a variety of cold-weather trees such as apples, pears, peaches, almonds, walnuts and shady and ornamental trees such as chinar, pine and cedar and willow, and on the eastern and northern side with more milder air, citrus Breeds
Fars province has 2. 2 million hectares of forests, of which 1.2 million hectares are poor and one million hectares are rich and rich pastures. This forest area has covered about 17.5 percent of the province's surface
Among the most dominant plant species in Fars province are oak, baneh, hawthorn, wild pear, aras (mountain cedar tree), mountain almond and wild figs.
The agricultural sector in Fars province, which accounts for the major share of gross national product, has one of the most important roles of Iran's production, employment and security in producing of food, so that many agricultural products such as cereals and citrus varieties rank first to third in the country.
Currently, among the most important agricultural products in Fars province, we can mention wheat, barley, rice, corn, cotton, sugar beet, oilseed, potato, onion, tomato, dates, pomegranate, and gingerbread products and forage crops. Among them, the province's place in the country is first for wheat, corn, oilseeds and tomatoes, and it has third place for herbal products and second-hand forage, barley, rice, cotton, sugar beet, potatoes and onion.
Due to pastures and suitable climates, agriculture, which forms raw material for animal feed, livestock and poultry farming in the province is one of the most promising jobs.
In the field of livestock products, Fars province in 2013 was the first to produce red meat, fourth milk production, third of chicken, fifth egg and fourth of honey in the country.