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Shiraz City info (culture and lifestyle)

Shiraz City info (culture and lifestyle)

 

Shiraz is the third largest city in Iran, which founded in 1917 in that municipality

The municipality of Shiraz is divided into 11 independent urban areas and covers an area of 240 square kilometers.

The name of Shiraz has been registered in books and historical documents with various names such as "Tirizis", "Shirazis" and "Shahr-e Raz" and Shiraz.

Shiraz is one of the oldest cities of ancient Persia. It was the capital of Iran during the Safari, Boyan and Zandiyans periods.

Shiraz has long been a natural locally for the local exchanges of farmers, unicorns and tribes, due to its relative centrality in the southern Zagros region, and its presence in a relatively fertile area. The city is also on the way to Iran's commercial routes to southern ports like the Bushehr port.

In Shiraz industries such as cement production, sugar, fertilizers, textile products, wood products, metalwork and rugs dominate. Shiraz also has a major oil refinery and is also a major center for Iran's electronic industries: 53% of Iran's electronic investment has been centered in Shiraz. Shiraz is home to Iran's first solar power plant. Recently the city's first wind turbine has been installed above Babakoohi Mountain near the city.

The earliest reference to the city is on Elamite clay tablets dated to 2000 BCE, found in June 1970, while digging to make a kiln for a brick factory in the south western corner of the city. The tablets written in ancient Elamite name a city called Tiraziš. Phonetically, this is interpreted as /tiračis/ or /ćiračis/. This name became Old Persian /širājiš/; through regular sound change comes the modern Persian name Shirāz. The name Shiraz also appears on clay sealings found at a 2nd-century CE Sassanidruin, east of the city. By some of the native writers, the name Shiraz has derived from a son of Tahmuras, the third Shāh (King) of the world according to Ferdowsi's Shāhnāma.

Shiraz is the most secular city in Iran. Although the religion of most people in Shiraz is Islam. Most of Shiraz's Jews emigrated to Israel and the United States during the fifty-two years of the 20th century. The city still receives a minority of 6,000,000 Jews. Because of Christian propaganda activities in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, small groups of Christians of the Protestant sect, such as Anglican and Presbyterian, live in Shiraz. Currently, in Shiraz, two there is an active church, one belonging to the Armenians and one belonging to the Anglican Church.

Shiraz is known as the city of poets, gardens, wine, nightingales and flowers.

The garden has a special place in the Iranian culture, and Shiraz has long been famous for its beautiful gardens. Shiraz has had many vineyards since ancient times, and this is the reason why the world renowned Shiraz wine has become famous.

The city of Shiraz was the venue for the Shiraz Art Festival between 1968 and 1978. The festival was the world's largest cultural event of its kind at its time. The event was aimed at encouraging traditional Iranian arts and raising Iran's cultural standards. It was also the venue for the gathering of the greatest traditional and modern artists in Iran and around the world in various artistic fields.

The various educational and recreational facilities in the city of Shiraz are comparable to the average of Iran in a very good level and with the capital facilities are no different.

Shiraz recreation is normal. Parks, cinema, pool and water park, game clubs, restaurants and coffee shops are some of Shiraz's facilities. Also, the nature of Shiraz and its surroundings are also other places for spending leisure time inhabitants of Shiraz.

The health of Shiraz is at a high level. Shiraz is Iran's medical pole. Only one of the streets of Shiraz, with a length of two thousand and several thousand offices equipped with various specialties. Many hospitals and clinics are found locally.

Shiraz's educational system is strong and well above the overall system of the country

Shiraz is a city of restaurants and fast food. The first job that goes for any investment is this. But in general, work and income in Shiraz are similar to other parts of Iran

Shiraz was nominated for the title of the world's second-largest literary city at UNESCO, but it was dubbed Melbourne Australia due to lack of authority and lack of follow up.

Shiraz University is one of the 10 top universities in the country (the third among the universities of Iran).

Shiraz is the first city in Iran to operate an intercity bus service company.

Shiraz International Exhibition is the largest exhibition center in the south of the country

The city of Shiraz is the arrival of goods from several Iranian ports and is also known as the port of land. That's why furniture, electronics and apparel are a bit cheaper than other parts of Iran.

Shiraz is a city of immigrants and different ethnicities enter the city with different cultures. The clash of different cultures, as in other large cities, sometimes creates abnormalities. But in general, there is no specific case

After Tehran, Shiraz was the second largest city in Iran, where international airports were operating.

The middle day of spring is May 15th, according to the approval of the Shiraz City Council and the approval of the Islamic Consultative Assembly in the calendar of Shiraz Day.

The second largest international ski resort in Iran is the polad kaf  sport recreational complex located 80 kilometers north of Shiraz.

 

Shiraz culture intro

Shiraz is known as the city of poets, gardens, wine, nightingales and flowers. The crafts of Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular design; silver-ware; carpet-weaving, and the making of the rugs called gilim (Shiraz Kilim) and "jajim" in the villages and among the tribes.

The garden is an important part of Iranian culture. There are many old gardens in Shiraz such as the Eram garden and the Afif abad garden. Shirazi wine originates from the city; however, under the current Islamic regime, liquor cannot be consumed except by religious minorities.

Shiraz is proud of being mother land of Hafiz Shirazi, Shiraz is a center for Iranian culture and has produced a number of famous poets. Saadi, a 12th- and 13th-century poet was born in Shiraz. He left his native town at a young age for Baghdad to study Arabic literature and Islamic sciences at Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad. When he reappeared in his native Shiraz he was an elderly man. Shiraz, under Atabak Abubakr Sa'd ibn Zangy (1231–1260) was enjoying an era of relative tranquility. Saadi was not only welcomed to the city but he was highly respected by the ruler and enumerated among the greats of the province. He seems to have spent the rest of his life in Shiraz. Hafiz, another famous poet and mystic was also born in Shiraz. A number of scientists also originate from Shiraz. Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi, a 13th-century astronomer, mathematician, physician, physicist and scientist was from Shiraz. In his The Limit of Accomplishment concerning Knowledge of the Heavens, he also discussed the possibility of heliocentrism.

 

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