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Shiraz Dynasties

Shiraz Dynasties


Saffarids Period (869-860)

During this period, Jacob Laith Saffari (869-860) became ruler of Persia after overtaking the Abbasid rulers. The Jame' Atiq Mosque, which is the mosque of the early Islamic centuries, was made by its command. In the subsequent periods, changes were made to it, including the monument in the middle of the mosque, known as the "house of God", related to the time of Shah Sheikh Abu Ishaq Inju and was built in the mid-eighth century AH


Deylamian (Al Boyah) (932-1056)

After the Saffarids, the dynasty of Al Boyah choose Shiraz as the center of their rule. During this period, Shiraz expanded and expanded its population. In the southeast of Shiraz, "Azadd al-Dawlah Dilmae" created a small town called “Gerd fana Khosrow" and created a large market called "Sukalamir", which today doesn’t exist.

The construction of the first monument of Ali ibn Hamzah, the tomb of Ali Emadol Dawlah and Samsam al-Dawlah, and the first construction of the gate of the Qur'an, the cradle of sight (gahvare did), the Band-e Amir and the Qanat Ruknābad, are the works of this period.


Atabakans period (Saadis time) (1148-1264)

Atabakan Seligori ruled over 120 years in Shiraz and tried to rehabilitate the city. During the reign of Atabak Saad ibn Zangi, the magnificent monuments such as the New Mosque, the Tomb of Abesh Khatoon, the first tomb were built above the shrine of the Shah cheragh. It was at this time that Sa'di Shirazi created the greatest Persian literary works, "Golestan" and "Bustan".


Al injo and Al mozafar (hafez age) (1325)

In the age of al-Injō, the Shiraz ruler, Sheikh Abu Ishaq Injō, did not hesitate to try to beautify the city. He built a house of God at the courtyard of the Atiq mosque, and his mothers tomb, Tashi Khatun, renovated the Shah-Cheragh mosque and ordered the famous calligraphers of that time to write a thousand copies of the Qur'an and give it to the house of God and the holy shrine.in that period, the construction of the Tomb of the Bibi Dokhtaran, Shah Shojah's Tomb and Shah Mansour's tomb has built. The life of Hafez, the greatest Persian Poem lyric, is one of the most important and most prominent events of this era.


Safavid period (1499-1633)

In the days of Safavid, Shiraz had a worthy position. Allahwerdi Khan and his son, Imam Gholikhan, had commanded Fars for nearly 40 years. During this period, the Atiq Mosque and many other buildings were rebuilt. Also, the building of the Imamieh School, the Astaneh Sayyid Alaeddin Hussein, the Nezamiyeh School, the Qanat Ab Kheirat and the two permanent buildings of the Khan School (Mullah Sadra Shirazi Residence and Classroom) and khan bridge are related to this period.


Afsharian dynasty(1723)

The seizing of Shiraz in 1723by Mahmoud Afghan left a lot of ruin. Nearly a hundred people in Shiraz died from the famine and the spread of the disease. In 1730, Nader Shah entered Shiraz after the defeat of Ashraf Afghan (the successor to Afghan Mahmud) near Zarghan(Shiraz entrance), ordered to rebuild the city's devastation. During this trip, Nader Shah paid a thousand and five hundred toman for repairs at Shah cheragh shrine and allocated almost 3.5 kg gold for the construction of Shah Cheragh.

Nader Shah, during his second trip to Shiraz (1733), three years later, after the pilgrimage of the holy shrine of Ahmad bin Musa  and for lunch in the holy shrine. During this period Nadir Shah's reign of Hafiz's tomb was also restored.


Zandiyeh dynasty (1750-1779)

During the reign of Karim Khan Zand, Shiraz was chosen as the capital and remained until the same time after his death.

Karim Khan tried along the development of Shiraz. During this period, Shiraz reached one of its best and most calm times.

Karim Khan, who was a human figure, was ruling 13 years for the development of this city. The achievements of these efforts are the construction of the Zandieh complex in the center of Shiraz, which is the place to visit tourists and business for local people. One of the most important buildings in the city is the building of the karimkhan citadel (Arg-e Karimkhan), which shines like a jewel in the heart of the city. Among the other works of Zandieh, it is possible to mention the building of Divankhane, the Garden of nazar(kolah farangi), vakil bazzar ,vakil mosque, the vakil bath and water reservoir of the attorney and Haft tanan. Another of Karim Khan Zand's actions is the rehabilitation of poets' tomb. He also ordered to bring Roknabad water(small river) to Shiraz. Beautiful gardens arise on his orders, which became the beauty of the city. After the overthrow of the Zandieh government, Mr. Qajar changed the capital from Shiraz to Tehran.


Ghajari dynasty (1795 – 1925)

Although during the Qajar period of Shiraz, no progress was made in terms of civilization, but during this period many buildings were constructed by the dynasty of Qavamolmolk Shirazi, Nasir al-Malik and Moshir-ol-Molk, including Hoseynieh Qavam, Naranjestan Qavam, Zaynat al-Muluk home, Moshir Mosque, Nasir Al-Molk Mosque, Delgosha Garden and Afif Abad garden.


Pahlavi dynasty

In the first Pahlavi periods, the streets of Zand and Lotf Ali Khan Zand were erected and the streets of Taleghani, Shapur, Nemazi and Ahmadi erected perpendicularly on them. The urban structure of Shiraz was dismantled. These streets are now also the main axis of the cavalry inside the tissue. The boundaries of the city outside the boundaries of the texture, the dismantling of the Zandieh fence, the construction of important government buildings and services in the region and the promotion and strengthening of the role of services and activities of the region in the city are characteristics of this period.


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