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Fars & Islam

Shiraz before Islam

Shiraz before Islam

Shiraz is most likely more than 4,000 years old. The name Shiraz is mentioned in cuneiform inscriptions from around 2000 BC found in southwestern corner of the city. According to some Iranian mythological traditions, it was originally erected by Tahmuras Diveband, and afterward fell to ruin.

Fars & Islam
 
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Islamic period

Islamic period

The city became a provincial capital in 693, after the Arab invaders conquered Istakhr, the nearby Sassanian capital. As Istakhr fell into decline, Shiraz grew in importance under the Arabs and several local dynasties. The Buwayhid dynasty (945 — 1055) made it their capital, building mosques, palaces, a library and an extended city wall.

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Fars After Islam

Fars After Islam

After the Arab invasion of Iran and the decay of the Estakhr city the importance of the Estakhr city was transferred to Shiraz. In the 4th and 5th centuries AD, the Al-Boyah dynasty of Fars chose Shiraz as a capital and built mosques, palaces, libraries and fences. In the attack on the Mongol Chingiz Khan, Shiraz escaped destruction and massacre because local rulers were pleased to pay taxes to the Mughals. Shiraz also escaped from the Timur massacre, because Shah Shuja, the governor of Faris, surrendered.

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